Understanding Cloud Risks

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In an increasingly interconnected world, the adoption of cloud services has become a common practice. According to a report by Grandviewsearch, it is projected that by 2024, the majority of the Information Technology budget allocated to infrastructure and software will shift towards cloud platforms.

The promise of greater flexibility and scalability has led many companies, organizations, and governments to rely on the cloud for their data storage and processing needs. However, this transition is not without risks. When we use the cloud, we expose ourselves to a series of challenges that must be addressed properly to ensure the security and efficiency of the organization’s digital operations.

Key Risks Associated with the Use of Cloud Services

Below, we will explore some of the key risks associated with the use of cloud services.


One of the most obvious risks in the cloud environment is cyberattacks that occur on a daily basis worldwide By relying on third parties to store and manage our data, it is essential to ensure that this data is adequately protected. Concerns about security breaches and cyberattacks are constant in this context. In recent months, we have witnessed attacks on critical and strategic infrastructures globally, as well as on entertainment and leisure industry companies. An example of this is the recent incident in which hotel chains MGM and Caesars in Las Vegas, Nevada fell victim to cybercriminal groups known as ALPHV due to a ransomware attack that affected all their operations.

This attack significantly impacted MGM’s market value several weeks ago as stock prices fell, and the company has not fully recovered from the disruptions in hotels and gaming.

Data Privacy

The cloud often stores sensitive and personal data. The risk here lies in how these data are handled and protected, complying with privacy and data protection regulations such as GDPR and RGDP in Spain is essential to avoid legal and intellectual property issues. The most recent case was the leakage of confidential documents this month by Microsoft, which revealed things like a new design for Xbox Series X without a disc, unannounced Bethesda games, and executive-level reflections on the acquisition of its competitor “Nintendo.”

Service Availability

The cloud is like a virtual supermarket, if suddenly that supermarket ceases its activities or has operational problems to provide services, you will not be able to acquire what you need. The same goes for the cloud: if your cloud provider has problems, suffers outages, or their critical services go down, day-to-day operations can grind to a halt and be impacted. Therefore, having a business continuity management plan in case of emergencies or disasters is crucial.

Regulatory Compliance:

Each sector, industry, and country has its own regulations, so it is essential to ensure that the cloud provider complies with the regulations relevant to your business. Otherwise, you could face legal and operational issues. We are in the era of “compliance,” as evidenced by the implementation of laws such as DORA and the forthcoming NIS2 Directive by both public and private organizations.

Data Loss:

Data protection is a fundamental priority in the digital age, with the constant transfer of data in the cloud carrying the risk of information loss, whether during transfer or due to technical issues. Encryption and security measures such as encryption are crucial to prevent this risk. Additionally, implementing data backup systems is essential to preserve the integrity of information, as data represents the most valuable asset of organizations.

Hidden Costs:

While the cloud may seem cost-effective due to the savings on software and hardware management, costs can increase rapidly if not adequately controlled. Usage-based pricing models can result in surprisingly high bills if not monitored, hence “excessive trust can lead to inappropriate spending.”

Vendor Lock-In:

Overreliance on a cloud provider can be dangerous. If the provider encounters problems or decides to change its policies, the organization could be severely affected.

It is essential to plan a cloud security strategy and build a strong team that integrates this division, and having providers that offer fast, highly reliable, and flexible service infrastructure is crucial. Therefore, the saying “putting all your eggs in one basket” is not the optimal choice.

How to Establish Strong Cloud Risk Management

To mitigate these risks, it is important to implement strong cloud risk management through GRC software. Here are some key strategies:

Risk assessment

Start by understanding the specific risks associated with different services, processes, and the entire cloud business ecosystem of the organization. This involves identifying the types of data being stored, reviewing relevant regulations, and assessing the security of the provider.

Select a Trusted Provider:

Choose a reliable cloud provider by reviewing their security track record and uptime.

Implement Security Measures:

Prioritize cybersecurity: Using and implementing multi-factor authentication and encryption. Keep systems up-to-date and constantly monitor security.

Business Continuity Planning:

Prepare a plan to deal with cloud service disruption, which may include backups and redundancy.

Ongoing Monitoring and Evaluation:

Cloud risk management is an ongoing process, where systems and policies should be regularly monitored and evaluated.


Cloud services training is essential to mitigate risks, promote a culture of security within the organization, and ensure compliance with regulations and standards. This training should target both technical teams and users, addressing technical aspects and regulations.

In conclusion, cloud risk management is essential to protect an organization’s critical assets in a constantly evolving cloud environment. By identifying, assessing, and mitigating risks, organizations can leverage the benefits of the cloud securely and effectively, maintaining the integrity of their data and the continuity of their operations.

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