With the reform of the Criminal Code of 2010, criminal liability of legal persons was introduced for the first time in Spain. Since then, companies would be liable for crimes committed by their employees and managers that resulted in a direct or indirect benefit for the entity and that could lead, as a consequence, from financial fines to the suspension of activities, or even dissolution of legal entities.
Furthermore, in 2015, it was established that legal persons that implement crime prevention models and meet a series of requirements could have their criminal liability mitigated or even be exempted from criminal liability.
It should be noted that it is not mandatory to have a prevention of criminal offenses model, rather it is a voluntary system, but through its implementation, in addition to the aforementioned possible exemption from punishment, risk of occurrence of criminal offenses is significantly reduced, also actions and behaviors that could lead to the commission of crimes. The image and reputation of the company is preserved, increasing the trust of customers in the entities.